hapter 15 Community Assessment
Sergio Osegueda Acuna, MSN-FNP-BC
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Community assessment: application to community/public health nursing practice
Assessment, the first step of the nursing process, forms the foundation for determining the client’s health, regardless of whether the client is an individual, a family, or a community.
Nurses gather information by using their senses, as well as their cognition, past experiences, and specific tools.
These data are analyzed to make diagnoses about the community’s health status and allow the nurse to answer the question, “How healthy is this community, or what are its strengths, problems, and concerns?”
Components of Healthy Communities
Low crime rates
Strong family life
Robust economy, good jobs
High environmental quality (clean air, water)
Accessible and quality health services
Good transportation (roads, public transportation)
Wide variety of leisure activities
Exposure to the arts