An important role that the nurse has but is often overlooked is self-reflecting/self-awareness. When the nurse is aware of their own bias and stereotypes it allows them to work on the reason behind why they think in a certain manner. This, then reduces the likelihood of them displaying those biases and stereotypes at work. It is also beneficial for the nurse to be culturally competent especially when it comes to different cultures within the community. Angel Falkner (2018) states, “The nurse should be well informed regarding stereotypes and biases in order to be sensitive to these issues and provide the most unbiased care possible.” As the nurse gains cultural competence it will facilitate the recognition of discrimination based on stereotypes and biases in the healthcare setting.
The nurse can address these concepts to ensure health promotion activities are culturally competent by completing a thorough assessment including questions about the patient’s culture such as their beliefs on health, life, and nature as well as their religion and any health promotion strategies they have (Falkner, 2018). The nurse can also incorporate strategies to reduce cultural dissonance such as the LEARN model. The LEARN model focuses on providing empathy to the patient who feels they have experienced cultural dissonance, explaining your own perception of their situation, comparing the different views and their similarities, recommending a treatment plan, and lastly modifying the treatment plan to meet the patient’s needs and preferences. By adding these two strategies into the work environment the nurse will increase her cultural competency thus reducing discrimination based on stereotypes and biases.
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